Sensor for Dynamic and Continuous Surface Temperature Measurement
These special thermocouples are ideal for fast measurements of temperature changes on the surface
of a body. This can be the piston or cylinder surface in a running combustion engine as well as in any
other continuous, but fast continuously temperature changing experiments.
The sensor is small enough to accommodate in each contour e.g. of a motor piston surface. In
addition, its sensitive end can be completely inserted into the surface by filing and grinding. The dust
of the grinding closes the bridge between the two metals. Alternatively, the end of the probe can be
coated with a finished metal coating. This offers the advantage of a longer service life at higher
temperatures, but has the disadvantage of a fixed geometry.
We offer different thermocouple for these combustion engine tests. The very small sensors MT 047 and MT 092 can be used where space is limited. The version MT 092 is a type K thermocouple. Further it comes with a DCL coating, which isolates it to the motor body to avoid additional earth loops. These small sensors will be glued into the surface. The bigger versions MT 19 and MT 36 can be used where space is not an issue. The can be glued as well or screwed with an M2 or M3.5.
If the experiment takes place at constant high temperature, the surface begins to corrode after some time and the signal disappears. The lifetime depends of the ambient temperature. From experience we know, that the lifetime in a combustion chamber is about 1 day. For much higher temperatures it may be some minutes only. If the signal gets lost, the thermocouple can be refurbished by re-grinding the sensor front surface. This gives them almost unlimited durability.
If the dynamic and continuous heat flow through the surface is of interest, this can be determined with the aid of our special Müller Double-Head Temperature Probe MDT with double-sided measurement options. This dual-head sensor allows to measure the signal on the surface at the hot end and at the same time on the back side of the thermocouple which could be the oil temperature in an engine application. For calculation of surface temperature and the heat flux through the probe follows the law of simple heat conduction. From this, the dynamic, continuous heat flow can be determined.
To calculate the temperature and heat flow out of the measured signals we offer the program Heat Flux Calculator HFC. It helps to calculate the dynamic surface temperature and heat flux in a simple manner using the signals and material data of the sensor.
For signal amplification we recommend our voltage amplifier MVA 10 together with a 1 MHz filter.
|Sensor Type:||Thermocouple Type E and K|
|Material:||Chromel - Constantan, coaxial for type E|
|Temperature range:||Type E: - 200 to 900 °C|
|Type K: - 200 to 1170°C|
|Temperature sensitivity:||0.5 K|
|Heat flux:||20 KW/m² to 5 MW/m²|
|Response time:||0,1 ms|
|√ ρ c k:||About 8000 W √s/m²K|
|Diameter:||0.47, 0.92, 1.9 and 3.6|
|Size:||MT 047: d = 0.47 x 15 mm|
|MT 092: d = 0.92 x 26 mm|
|MT 19: d = 1.9 x 26 mm|
|MT 36: d = 3.6 mm x 17 mm|
|All sensors can be shortened in the area of their diameter|
|Sensitivity:||About 60 μV/K for type E, 39.9 μV/K for type K (s. IEC-584 T1)|
|Calibration:||Calibrated by the University of Aachen for type MDT|
|Tip:||Can be individually shaped by the user|
|Specials:||The sensor MT 19 and 36 can be designed as a Double-Head thermocouple for measuring on the front and the back side for continuous heat flux detection|
|Connection:||Via 2 m temperature resistance coaxial cable with BNC pos.|
|Amplification:||Amplifier is needed. We recommend our MVA 10 plus 1 MHz filter|
Müller Temperature Sensor MT in a Combustion Chamber [PDF, 583 KB]
Müller Double Head Heat Flow Sensor [PDF, 467 KB]
Article-No. 100-001-0: HFC Heat Flux Calculator program
Article-No. 100-002-1: MT 19, type E, diameter 1.9 mm
Article-No. 100-002-2: MT 36, type E, diameter 3.6 mm
Article-No. 100-002-4: MT 047, type E only, diameter 0.47 mm
Article-No. 100-002-5: MT 9.2, type K only, diameter 0.92 mm
Article-No. 100-001-6: Surcharge for metallic surface
Article 100-002-10: Surcharge for version Müller-Double Head-Thermocouple MDT